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Topic: Other Disorders/Symptoms

  1. Fact Sheet: Incontinencia Fecal y la Edad


    By: William F. Norton, Communications Director, IFFGD; Jeanette Tries, PhD, OTR

    Con la edad ocurren muchos cambios y la pérdida de la continencia fecal se vuelve más probable. Las enfermedades orgánicas, los cambios del hábito intestinal y otros factores, afectan la habilidad de mantener el control. La pérdida de la continencia fecal es muy común. Le ocurre a mucha gente. Existen muchas formas de encontrar ayuda para este problema. Este folleto le ayudará a comprender que es lo que ocurre y qué puede hacer para mejorarlo.

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  2. Fact Sheet: Upper GI Endoscopy: What to Expect


    By: W. Grant Thompson, MD, FRCPC

    Describes what to expect when undergoing an upper GI endoscopic exam that may look at the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. Reviewed and updated 2009.


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  3. Fact Sheet: Peptic Ulcer: A Twentieth Century Disease


    By: W. Grant Thompson, MD, FRCPC

    Diagnosis and treatment of peptic ulcers and H. pylori infection. Reviewed and updated 2009.


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  4. Fact Sheet: What Else Can We Attribute to GERD? Some Seldom Discussed Complications of Gastroesophageal Reflux


    By: W. Grant Thompson, MD, FRCPC

    Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is commonly discussed in the pages of the IFFGD publication, Digestive Health Matters. Therefore readers will be familiar with the common consequences of acid from the stomach refluxing upwards into the unprotected esophagus. These include heartburn, unexplained chest pain (non-cardiac chest pain), and inflammation and scarring of the lower esophagus (esophageal stricture) leading to swallowing difficulty. However, this article deals with several seldom-described consequences of GERD that are not rare and which can cause great distress in their own right: sore throat, cough; nocturnal choking; aspiration pneumonia; asthma; acid laryngitis; dental erosions; reflux dyspareunia are discussed. Reviewed and updated 2009.

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  5. Fact Sheet: NSAIDs: Good for the Joints, Bad for the Gut?


    By: W. Grant Thompson, MD, FRCPC

    NSAIDs is an acronym for "non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs." The steroids referred to here are not those employed by wayward Olympians, but rather those of the adrenalcortical steroid family such as hydrocortisone, prednisone, and betamethasone. Because they suppress inflammation they are employed in many chronic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. Unfortunately, these drugs have important metabolic effects that limit their use. Side effects may include gastric and duodenal ulcers and sometimes intestinal bleeding. A discussion of NSAIDs and their use. Reviewed and updated 2009.

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  6. Fact Sheet: Gallstones: What to do?


    By: W. Grant Thompson, MD, FRCPC

    Gallstones are present in 20% of women and 8% of men over the age of 40 in the United States. Most are unaware of their presence, and the consensus is that if they are not causing trouble, they should be left in place. Nevertheless, gallbladder removal (which surgeons awkwardly call cholecystectomy) is one of the most common surgical procedures. A discussion of symptoms, complications, and treatment. 

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  7. Fact Sheet: GERD, Hiatal Hernia, and Surgery


    By: J. Patrick Waring, MD

    Answers to the questions: I have GERD and have been told that I may need surgery to repair a hiatal hernia. Can you please explain the surgery? Will my GERD be resolved? What are the potential risks related to the surgery? Reviewed 2009.

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  8. Fact Sheet: Confusing or Ambiguous Upper Gut Symptoms


    By: W. Grant Thompson, MD, FRCPC

    By choosing the appropriate test, a doctor can make a precise diagnosis of a structural upper gut disorder, such as esophagitis or peptic ulcer, by recognizing the diseased area through testing. The patient's history provides the information that permits the doctor to choose the right test. In the case of the disorders of gastrointestinal function, such as dyspepsia or non-cardiac chest pain, there is no structural abnormality and no diagnostic test. Hence diagnosis of these disorders depends even more upon how the patient describes his or her symptoms. But many people use words to describe symptoms that are vague or misliading to a doctor. Examples are explained – such as indigestion, gas, nausea, chest pain, or vomiting.

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  9. Fact Sheet: Heartburn, Hiatal Hernia, and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in Adults and Children


    By: Information Adapted from the National Diseases Information Clearinghouse NIH

    Gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) does not close properly and stomach contents leak back, or reflux, into the esophagus. The LES is a ring of muscle at the bottom of the esophagus that acts like a valve between the esophagus and stomach. The esophagus carries food from the mouth to the stomach.

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  10. Fact Sheet: Dietary and Nutritional Recommendations for Patients with Dumping Syndrome (Rapid Gastric Emptying)


    By: Carol Rees Parrish, RD, MS; Henry C. Lin, MD; Henry P. Parkman, MD

    Dumping syndrome describes a collection of symptoms that occurs when food is emptied too quickly from the stomach, filling the small intestine with undigested food that is not adequately prepared to permit efficient absorption of nutrients in the small intestine. Symptoms include nausea, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, dizzy spells, weakness, and cold sweats either with or after eating. Medical management involves dietary changes, and at times, the use of medications.

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