Chronic diarrhea has many causes. Malabsorption, Crohn's disease, colitis, and pancreatic insufficiency are topics for another day. This article focuses upon those causes where a change in behavior may result in a rapid improvement in the diarrhea. Reviewed and updated 2009.Topics: Diarrhea, loose stools
Fact Sheet: Fiber Therapy in IBS and other GI Disorders152
Specific food practices may contribute to constipation, diarrhea, bloating, gas, and abdominal pain. Based on our observation and experiences in nutrition research, we will share with you some suggestions for improving bowel function and decreasing symptom severity.Topics: Constipation, difficult to pass stools, Diarrhea, loose stools, Diet, Foods, Gas, Bloating, Belching, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Fact Sheet: Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis153
Diverticulosis is the condition of having small pouches protruding from the wall of the colon. These pouches are extremely common among Americans, for example, where about 10 percent of people over age 40, half of those older than 60, and two-thirds over age 80 have them.Topics: Diverticular disease
Fact Sheet: Controlling Intestinal Gas155
Everybody produces gas, and everybody needs to pass gas. The amount depends on the individual, and there is a wide range of "normal." Passing gas is normal; nevertheless, it can be embarrassing or cause discomfort. A review of causes, treatments, and tips on controlling gas.
IBS, Chronic Functional Abdominal Pain, Bloating and Gas, Constipation, Diarrhea
The term "functional" as used in medicine, generally is taken to mean symptoms not accompanied by demonstrable abnormalities on physical examination, blood tests, x-rays, biopsies, endoscopies or other procedures. An overview of common disorders that affect the colon.Topics: Constipation, difficult to pass stools, Diarrhea, loose stools, Gas, Bloating, Belching, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Lower Abdominal Pain, Pelvic Pain
Constipation is a common symptom. Treatment for constipation often includes lifestyle modifications such as increasing fluid intake, consuming more fiber, and exercising regularly. At times, the symptom of constipation can represent serious medical illnesses such as hypothyroidism or diabetes. Structural abnormalities of the colon, like colonic strictures or other diseases of the colon or rectum, may also cause constipation. It is therefore advisable to report constipation to your physician if it is persistent or difficult to manage. Tests and treatment are described.Topics: Colonic motility, inertia, pseudo-obstruction, Constipation, difficult to pass stools, Motility
Fact Sheet: Proctalgia Fugax-and Other Pains160
Many diseases of the anus and rectum may cause severe rectal pain. Usually a doctor can identify such a condition by examining the area. One pain that cannot be so identified is proctalgia fugax, a sudden severe pain that lasts for several minutes and then disappears. An overview of the condition. Reviewed 2009.
Antidepressants are commonly prescribed for the treatment of functional gastrointestinal disorders; they are unique drugs, which have a number of properties that make them particularly useful. In order to fully understand their usefulness in functional gastrointestinal disorders, three areas should be understood: how they work, the brain-gut relationship, and the role of antidepressants in treatment.
Fact Sheet: Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders of the Small Intestine, Large Intestine, Rectum, and Pelvic Floor162
The gastrointestinal tract is divided into four distinct parts that are separated by sphincter muscles; these four regions have distinctly different functions to perform and different patterns of motility (contractions). Abnormal motility or abnormal sensitivity in any part of the gastrointestinal tract can cause characteristic symptoms: food sticking, pain, or heartburn in the esophagus; nausea and vomiting in the stomach; pain and bloating in the small intestine; and pain, constipation, diarrhea, and incontinence in the colon and rectum.Topics: Bowel urgency, CAM, Complementary & Alternative Treatments, Colonic motility, inertia, pseudo-obstruction, Constipation, difficult to pass stools, Diarrhea, loose stools, Incontinence, Motility, Pelvic floor disorders
In the past two decades, medical opinion has changed regarding how to diagnose IBS. The older view emphasized that IBS should be regarded primarily as a "diagnosis of exclusion;" that is, diagnosed only after diagnostic testing excludes many disorders that could possibly cause the symptoms. Fortunately, physicians can now diagnose IBS in most patients by recognizing certain symptom details, performing a physical examination, and undertaking limited diagnostic testing. This simpler approach is grounded on recent knowledge...and it leads to a reliable diagnosis in most cases. Revised and updated 2009.Topics: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Tests, lower GI tract, Working with your healthcare provider
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