Topic: Stomach Disorders
Fact Sheet: Dietary and Nutritional Recommendations for Patients with Dumping Syndrome (Rapid Gastric Emptying)539
Dumping syndrome describes a collection of symptoms that occurs when food is emptied too quickly from the stomach, filling the small intestine with undigested food that is not adequately prepared to permit efficient absorption of nutrients in the small intestine. Symptoms include nausea, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, dizzy spells, weakness, and cold sweats either with or after eating. Medical management involves dietary changes, and at times, the use of medications.Topics: Diarrhea, loose stools, Diet, Foods, Motility, Other Disorders/Symptoms, Stomach Disorders, Stomach Disorders
Nerves and muscles respond actively to an electric stimulus. The role and progress for electrical pacing and stimulation in the gastrointestinal tract, including the stomach as well as the intestines, and treatment possibilities for disorders such as chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction and severe constipation are discussed.Topics: Colonic inertia, Pseudo-obstruction, Colonic motility, inertia, pseudo-obstruction, Constipation, difficult to pass stools, Constipation, difficult to pass stools, Gastroparesis, Gastroparesis, Motility, Stomach Disorders, Stomach Disorders
Fact Sheet: Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome in Adults541
Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is a disorder with recurrent episodes of severe nausea and vomiting interspersed with symptom free periods. While CVS has been studied in pediatric populations, its occurrence in adults has been underappreciated. It is now thought that this crippling syndrome can occur in a range of age groups from children to adults. Recognizing and treating the condition are discussed.
Fact Sheet: Gastritis542
Gastritis is not a single disease, but several different conditions that all have inflammation of the stomach lining. Symptoms, tests, and treatments are described.
In a previous article, I discussed the great prevalence of peptic ulcer disease in the twentieth century (Peptic Ulcer: A Twentieth Century Disease – IFFGD Fact Sheet No. 509). Ulcer researchers became convinced that gastric acid was the cause of peptic ulcer and expended great effort to understand the physiology of acid secretion and to develop diets, drugs and surgical procedures to control acid secretion. Why did it take so long to understand the truth about ulcer disease? Does this history have any implications for the study of the functional gastrointestinal diseases (FGIDs)?
Fact Sheet: Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome817
Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) was first described about 120 years ago by Dr. Samuel Gee, the erudite British physician. Interest in the syndrome was revived when Kathleen Adams, a parent of an affected child founded the Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome Association in 1993. She enlisted the support of pediatric gastroenterologists, Drs. David Fleisher and B.U.K. Li, who recognized that better treatment of the disorder would only occur if the syndrome could be scientifically defined for medical researchers. This article describes CVS and approaches to treatment.Topics: CVS, Motility, Nausea, vomiting, Nausea, vomiting, Other Disorders/Symptoms, Other Disorders/Symptoms, Stomach Disorders, Stomach Disorders
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