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  1. Fact Sheet: Diarrhea (In Adults and Children)

    180

    By: Information Adapted from the National Diseases Information Clearinghouse NIH

    Diarrhea - loose, watery stools occurring more than three times in one day - is a common problem that usually lasts a day or two and goes away on its own without any special treatment. However, prolonged diarrhea can be a sign of other problems. People with diarrhea may pass more than a quart of stool a day. Diarrhea can cause dehydration, which means the body lacks enough fluid to function properly. Dehydration is particularly dangerous in children and the elderly, and it must be treated promptly to avoid serious health problems. Causes, treatment, and prevention are discussed. Revised and updated 2011.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  2. Fact Sheet: Your Digestive System and How It Works

    190

    By: Information Adapted from the National Diseases Information Clearinghouse NIH

    The digestive system is a series of hollow organs joined in a long, twisting tube from the mouth to the anus. A description of why digestion is important, how food is digested, how food moves through the digestive system, nutrients, and how the process is controlled. Revised and updated 2009.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  3. Brochure, Fact Sheet: Strategies for Establishing Bowel Control

    302

    By: Mary K. Plummer, OTR, BCIA-PMBD

    Bowel training refers to behavioral programs designed to help people with bowel disorders establish or reestablish control. Individuals with symptoms of inability to control bowel movements, incomplete emptying, or chronic constipation may benefit from these programs.

    Also available offline as a glossy color brochure (3.5" x 8.5"). Contact IFFGD for details.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  4. Fact Sheet: Heartburn, Hiatal Hernia, and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in Adults and Children

    530

    By: Information Adapted from the National Diseases Information Clearinghouse NIH

    Gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) does not close properly and stomach contents leak back, or reflux, into the esophagus. The LES is a ring of muscle at the bottom of the esophagus that acts like a valve between the esophagus and stomach. The esophagus carries food from the mouth to the stomach.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  5. Fact Sheet: Dietary and Nutritional Recommendations for Patients with Gastroparesis

    537

    By: Carol Rees Parrish, RD, MS; Edy Soffer, MD; Henry P. Parkman, MD

    The treatment of patients with gastroparesis generally relies on dietary modifications, medications that enhance gastric emptying, and medications that reduce nausea and vominting. This article offers tips for overcoming nausea, vomiting, and stomach fullness using dietary measures.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  6. Fact Sheet: Dietary and Nutritional Recommendations for Patients with Dumping Syndrome (Rapid Gastric Emptying)

    539

    By: Carol Rees Parrish, RD, MS; Henry C. Lin, MD; Henry P. Parkman, MD

    Dumping syndrome describes a collection of symptoms that occurs when food is emptied too quickly from the stomach, filling the small intestine with undigested food that is not adequately prepared to permit efficient absorption of nutrients in the small intestine. Symptoms include nausea, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, dizzy spells, weakness, and cold sweats either with or after eating. Medical management involves dietary changes, and at times, the use of medications.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  7. Fact Sheet: Electrical Stimulation and Pacing for Digestive Disorders: a Status Report

    540

    By: Paul E. Hyman, MD; Richard W. McCallum, MD

    Nerves and muscles respond actively to an electric stimulus. The role and progress for electrical pacing and stimulation in the gastrointestinal tract, including the stomach as well as the intestines, and treatment possibilities for disorders such as chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction and severe constipation are discussed.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  8. Fact Sheet: Common Questions About Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS)

    558

    By: International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders IFFGD

    This publication addresses commonly asked questions about CVS, a disorder with repeated episodes of severe nausea and vomiting that alternate with symptom free periods. It occurs in children and adults.

    Topics: CVS, CVS
    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  9. DHM: Digestive Health Matters Vol 22 Issue 2 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    659

    By: International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders IFFGD

    In this issue:

    • GERD Awareness Week
    • Babies Spitting Up – Normal in Most Cases
    • Clinical Corner: A Question on Functional Abdominal Pain
    • A Conversation with Douglas A. Drossman, M.D.
    • Functional Abdominal Pain Syndrome
    • About Clinical Trials
    • Treatment News
    • Legislative Updates
    • Community of Digestive Health Champions at DHA.org

    Remember, Digestive Health Matters is FREE to Members.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  10. DHM: Digestive Health Matters Vol 20 Issue 4 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    665

    By: International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders IFFGD

    In this issue:

    • Searching for Cures for Children with Functional GI & Motility Disorders
    • What an Awesome Machine: the Digestive System
    • Research News
      • Abdominal Pain-related GI Disorders in Children
      • Opioids Increasingly Prescribed for Chronic Abdominal Pain in Adults
      • Study Looks at Diagnostic Practices for Chronic Nausea and Vomiting
      • Gastroparesis May Occur Less Often Than Thought in People with Diabetes
      • Simple Breathing Exercises May Help GERD
      • Focusing Attention on Rare Diseases
    • You can Help Reduce Heartburn by Burning Calories
    • Books of Interest
    • Treatment News
    • Buying Health Products and Services Online
    • Professional Announcements
      • ANMS Postgraduate Course
      • Joint International Neurogastroenterology and Motility Meeting
      • IFFGD Seeking Applications for 2013 Research Awards
      • Save the Date - IFFGD Professional Symposium
    • IFFGD in Action
      • Make the Functional GI & Motility Disorders Research Enhancement Act the Law
      • Capitol Hill Briefing: Chronic Disease and Veterans Deployment Overseas
      • Fiscal Year 2012 Federal Budget Provisions and Digestive Health
      • Take Part in IFFGD Digestive Health Advocacy Day 2012

    Remember, Digestive Health Matters is FREE to Members.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  11. DHM: Digestive Health Matters 19.04 - 2010 No 4 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    670

    By: International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders IFFGD

    Digestive Health Matters 19.03 - Fall 2010 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    In this issue:

    • Functional GI Disorders – Setting the Record Straight
    • Infant Regurgitation
    • VA Recognition of Functional GI Disorders
    • New U.S. Food Safety Laws
    • Resilience of Children Receiving Intravenous Nutrition
    • Ask Questions about Tests
    • Research Findings in Chronic GI Conditions
    • Progressive GI Symptoms: Could it be Scleroderma?

    Remember, Digestive Health Matters is FREE to Members.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  12. DHM: Digestive Health Matters 19.01 - Spring 2010 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    675

    By: International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders IFFGD

    Digestive Health Matters 19.01 - Spring 2010 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    In this issue:

    • April is IBS Awareness Month
    • Changes You Should Not Ignore if You Have IBS
    • News You can Us:
      - Not All "Probiotics" are Alike
      - Genetic Factors in IBS?
      - A Changing Environment and the Increasing Prevalence of Celiac Disease
      - Lactose Intolerance and Health
    • Courageous Stories - Aduts and Kids; Functional and Motility Disorders
    • Expressive Writing may be a Promising Treatment for IBS
    • Constipation in Children

    Remember, Digestive Health Matters is FREE to Members.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  13. DHM: Digestive Health Matters 18.04 - Winter 2009 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    677

    By: International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders IFFGD

    Digestive Health Matters 18.04 - Winter 2009 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    In this issue:

    • A Message from IFFGD
    • Probiotics and Functional GI Symptoms
    • GERD and Sleep
    • Complexity of IBS
    • What are Clinical Trials or Studies
    • Take Part in Research
    • IFFGD Industry Council News – New Treatments
    • Clinical Trials Listings
    • Functional Abdominal Pain in Children and Adolescents

    Remember, Digestive Health Matters is FREE to Members.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  14. DHM: Digestive Health Matters 18.03 - Fall 2009 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    679

    By: International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders IFFGD

    Digestive Health Matters 18.03 - Fall 2009 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    In this issue:

    • GERD Awareness Week in November 2009
    • Heartburn: It’s Not Always Simple
    • Talking to Your Doctor about GERD
    • GERD Food Triggers and Tips
    • Courageous Stories: Young Adults, Kids and Families
    • Why Your Doctor Should take Your History: Not a Computer, Not an Assistant
    • Digestive Health News You Can Use:
      - Medical management of GERD
      - GERD and IBS
      - Obesity and GERD
      - 5-HT agents in the treatment of IBS
    • News from IFFGD: Joint international meeting; Publications in Spanish; IFFGD on Facebook; Cut costs, go green

    Remember, Digestive Health Matters is FREE to Members.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  15. DHM: Digestive Health Matters 18.01 - Spring 2009 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    683

    By: International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders IFFGD

    Digestive Health Matters 18.01 - Spring 2009 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    In this issue:

    • IBS Awareness Month Poster
    • Research Report from IFFGD - IBS Patients: Their Illness Experience and Unmet Needs
    • Dyssynergic Defecation: a Common Cause of Chronic Constipation
    • Digestive Health Research: Treatment Guideline for IBS
    • Editorial: Treating Functional Constipation in Children
    • Clinical Corner
      - Diet Advice for Barrett’s Esophagus and GERD?
      - When is Endoscopy Recommended for GERD?
    • Soiling Solutions in Children
    • I Have a Gut Problem: Which Doctor Should I See?

    Remember, Digestive Health Matters is FREE to Members.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  16. DHM: Digestive Health Matters 17.04 - Winter 2008 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    685

    By: International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders IFFGD

    Digestive Health Matters 17.04 - Winter 2008 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    In this issue:

    • A Noisy Tummy: What does it mean?
    • Gastroesophageal Reflux in Children and Adolescents
    • Books of Interest
    • Industry Council News
    • Digestive Health Research
      - Treatment Guidelines for IBS
      - Probiotics for GI Conditions
    • Manage Your Medicines
    • Participate in Online Studies on IBS
    • Report from IFFGD Research Award Winner – Diagnostic Testing in IBS: Theory vs. Reality

    Remember, Digestive Health Matters is FREE to Members.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  17. DHM: Digestive Health Matters 17.03 - Fall 2008 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    687

    By: International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders IFFGD

    Digestive Health Matters 17.03 - Fall 2008 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    In this issue:

    • GERD Awareness Week
    • How Man’s Commonest Infection kept its Secret
    • Radiation Induced Injury to the Colon and Rectum
    • Bowel Problems in Adults after Surgical Treatment for Childhood Hirschsprung’s Disease
    • Books of Interest
    • Industry Council News
    • Digestive Health Research: Diverticular Disease and Nuts, Corn, and Popcorn
    • Participate in Online Studies about IBS

    Remember, Digestive Health Matters is FREE to Members.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  18. DHM: Digestive Health Matters 17.02 - Summer 2008 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    689

    By: International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders IFFGD

    Digestive Health Matters 17.02 - Summer 2008 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    In this issue:

    • Another Complication of Reflux: Laryngeal Pharyngeal Reflux (LPR)
    • Incontinence: Quality of Life and Overcoming Barriers to Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment
    • Hirschsprung’s Disease in Children and Adults
    • The Clinical Corner – Answers to Your Questions About Digestive Health
      - Enterocoloitis after Treatment for Hirschprung's Disease
      - Diarrhea and Incontinence Caused by Medication
    • Enterocolitis after Treatment for Hirschsprung’s Disease
    • Diarrhea and Incontinence Caused by Medication
    • Co-Morbidities with TMJDs: Common Mechanisms of Disease?
    • Challenges: Understanding the Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders
    • Report from IFFGD Research Award Winner: Symptom Based Psychology for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders
    • IFFGD Proposes IBS Research and Treatment Act

    Remember, Digestive Health Matters is FREE to Members.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  19. DHM: Digestive Health Matters 17.01 - Spring 2008 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    691

    By: International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders IFFGD

    Digestive Health Matters 17.01 - Spring 2008 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    In this issue:

    • IBS: An Approach to Treating Patients 
    • IBS in Children and Adolescents 
    • IBS, Heartburn, Dyspepsia: What's the Difference? 
    • Treating Functional Dyspepsia: What are Your Options? 
    • Clinical Corner – Answers to Your Questions About Digestive Health 
      - Is nausea a symptom associated with IBS? How is it treated? 
      - Are rice-based foods recommended for people with digestive disorders like IBS?
      - Can a colonoscopy procedure cause changes in bowel habits?
    • Lactose Intolerance: Definition, Symptoms and Treatment
    • Digestive Health Research: Barrett's Esophagus Risk Factors 
    • Report from IFFGD Research Award Winner: IBS: Searching for Underlying Causes

    Remember, Digestive Health Matters is FREE to Members.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  20. DHM: Digestive Health Matters 16.04 - Winter 2007 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    693

    By: International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders IFFGD

    Digestive Health Matters 16.04 - Winter 2007 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    In this issue:

    • 2007 Symposium Summary Report
    • Sex Differences in Abdominal Pain
    • Chronic Pain Management Tips
    • Helping Children and Adolescents Cope with Abdominal Pain
    • IBS and a Healthy Holiday Season
    • The Clinical Corner
    • Digestive Health Research: A Sampling of Recently Published Studies
    • Report – Digestive Disease Awareness Day proclaimed in Pennsylvania
    • Report from IFFGD Research Award Winner: Role of the Central Immune System in Functional Disorders

    Remember, Digestive Health Matters is FREE to Members.

     

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  21. DHM: Digestive Health Matters 16.03 - Fall 2007 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    695

    By: International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders IFFGD

    Digestive Health Matters 16.03 - Fall 2007 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    In this issue:

    • GERD Awareness Week
    • Dietary Aspects of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
    • The Medical History: How to Help Your Doctor Help You
    • The Clinical Corner: Physical activity and diverticulosis; Vitamin B12 and IBS; Antibiotics, probiotics and C. diff
    • Industry Sponsored Clinical Trials
    • Digestive Health Research: A Sampling of Recently Published Studies
    • Report from IFFGD Research Award Winner: Home Based Guided Imagery to Treat Pediatric Functional Abdominal Pain

    Remember, Digestive Health Mattersis FREE to Members.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  22. DHM: Digestive Health Matters 16.02 - Summer 2007 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    697

    By: International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders IFFGD

    Digestive Health Matters 16.02 - Summer 2007 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    In this issue:

    • Procedure Costs and Surgical Rates in IBS patients
    • The Clinical Corner
    • Commentary on Post-infectious IBS study
    • Changes in Bowel Control at Childbirth
    • Recently Published Pediatric Studies
    • Why Does Milk Bother Me?
    • How to Prepare for Tests
    • On Tract: Topics in GI Motility
    • IFFGD Presents 2007 Research Awards
    • Hirschsprung’s Disease Study
    • Report from IFFGD Research Award Winner: Disorders and Conditions that Disrupt Swallowing

    Remember, Digestive Health Matters is FREE to Members.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  23. DHM: Digestive Health Matters 16.01 - Spring 2007 - ELECTRONIC PDF

    699

    By: International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders IFFGD

    Digestive Health Matters 16.01 - Spring 2007 - ELECTRONIC PDFIn this issue:

    • April is IBS Awareness Month
    • What Patients Know and Would Like to Know About IBS
    • Relationships and Irritable Bowel Syndrome
    • Bowel Incontinence and Aging
    • Distal Esophageal Spasm (formerly Diffuse Esophageal Spasm)
    • Clinical Corner
    • Capitol Hill Minute
    • Announcements: Celebrity Support for Digestive Health; IFFGD Research Awards
    • Books of Interest
    • Gastroesophageal Reflux in Infants
    • Report from IFFGD Research Award Winner: Understanding Intestinal Gas
    • Profiles from the IFFGD Community

    Remember, Digestive Health Matters is FREE to Members.

     

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  24. Fact Sheet: 7-Day Diary

    7DD

    By: International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders IFFGD

    For reflux disease (GERD) or chronic heartburn, a one week daily diary to help you get the most out of your next doctor visit.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  25. Brochure, Fact Sheet: Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-obstruction

    801

    By: Paul E. Hyman, MD

    Your child has been diagnosed as having intestinal pseudo-obstruction or some other form of chronic gastrointestinal motility disorder. This brochure has been written to help you understand these disorders and the effects they may have on your child.

    Also available offline as a glossy color brochure (3.5" x 8.5"). Contact IFFGD for details.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  26. Brochure: Gastroesophageal Reflux in Infants and Children

    802

    By: Carlo DiLorenzo, MD; Mark S. Glassman, MD

    This article is intended to answer some commonly asked questions from parents/caregivers of infants and children with gastroesophageal reflux (GER). GER is the movement of stomach contents into the esophagus.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  27. Brochure: Hirschsprung's Disease

    803

    By: Jacob C. Langer, MD; International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders IFFGD

    This fact sheet was written to answer questions about Hirschsprung's disease, treatment, surgery, and follow up.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  28. Fact Sheet: Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-obstruction in Children: An Overview

    804

    By: Paul E. Hyman, MD

    Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIP) is the name given to a number of rare disorders that cause impaired gastrointestinal motility (movement in the digestive tract). A diagnosis of CIP is based on symptoms that occur when the intestine is blocked and on clinical findings. In pseudo-obstruction, the symptoms are caused not by a surgically correctable tumor, twist, or ulcer in the bowel, but by a problem having to do with the strength or coordination of the contractions that move along the contents of the bowel.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  29. Fact Sheet: Dyspepsia in Children

    807

    By: Vera Loening-Baucke, MD

    Dyspepsia refers to pain or discomfort centered in the upper abdomen. The symptom characteristics of dyspepsia in children are pain and discomfort in the upper middle region of the abdomen. Individuals often describe the pain as occurring around eating, after eating, or at night. The discomfort can be a sensation of fullness after meals, an early feeling of having had enough to eat (satiety), bloating, belching, nausea, retching, vomiting, regurgitation, anorexia, or food refusal. Diagnosis and treatment discussed. Revised and updated 2009.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  30. Fact Sheet: Bellyaches in Children

    809

    By: Paul E. Hyman, MD

    Every child complains about a bellyache now and then. How can a parent tell what is wrong, and if it is dangerous? It is not always easy. Children less than 5 or 6 years of age often do not have the words to describe their sensations accurately. Toddlers do not separate emotional from physical distress. The young child's bellyache may represent hunger, fatigue, or a need to use the bathroom. School age children may wake with bellyaches on school days. Are they sick, or just anxious about an important test? Revised and updated 2009.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  31. Fact Sheet: Childhood Defecation Disorders: Constipation and Soiling

    810

    By: Paul E. Hyman, MD

    The purpose of this publication is to describe the characteristics and treatment of four pediatric functional gastrointestinal disorders that prompt parents to bring their child to the doctor for constipation and/or soiling: infant dyschezia, functional constipation, functional fecal retention, and non-retentive fecal soiling. [A functional disorder refers to a condition where the primary abnormality is an altered physiological function (the way the body works) rather than an abnormality that is characterized by tissue damage or inflammation.] Revised and updated 2009.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  32. Fact Sheet: Antroduodenal Manometry: Questions and Answers

    811

    By: Carlo DiLorenzo, MD

    Your child is scheduled for a specialized test called antroduodenal manometry. This information will help to prepare you and your child so the experience is as successful as it can be.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  33. Fact Sheet: Colon Manometry: Questions and Answers

    812

    By: Carlo DiLorenzo, MD

    Your child is scheduled for a specialized test called colon manometry that will check the motility of the colon. This guide will help to prepare you and your child so that the experience is as successful as it can be.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  34. Fact Sheet: Avoid Overmedicalizing by Recognizing Aerophagia Before the Big Work-up

    814

    By: Paul E. Hyman, MD

    Answers to the questions: My 3-year old child has abdominal distention every day. He starts the day with a flat belly, but each time he eats it gets bigger until the evening, when it sticks way out. He feels so full that he doesn't eat a good dinner. He has terrible gas all night long. We hear the gas passing when we walk by his room as he sleeps. What can we do to help our child?" Revised and updated 2009.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  35. Fact Sheet: Disorders of Defecation in Children: What is the Role of the Surgeon?

    816

    By: Jacob C. Langer, MD

    When a new baby is born, we assume that he or she will spend most of the first few months of life engaged in a small number of basic activities: sleeping, feeding, peeing, and pooping. The passage of waste is a basic function of all living organisms, which is so ingrained and routine that most of us do not even think twice about it. The inability to defecate in children is usually due either to a problem with formation of the anus or with the inability of the colon to push the stool from one end to the other (Hirschsprung's disease and other motility disorders).

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  36. Fact Sheet: Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome

    817

    By: Robert M. Issenman, MD

    Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) was first described about 120 years ago by Dr. Samuel Gee, the erudite British physician. Interest in the syndrome was revived when Kathleen Adams, a parent of an affected child founded the Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome Association in 1993. She enlisted the support of pediatric gastroenterologists, Drs. David Fleisher and B.U.K. Li, who recognized that better treatment of the disorder would only occur if the syndrome could be scientifically defined for medical researchers. This article describes CVS and approaches to treatment.

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  37. Fact Sheet: Rumination Syndrome in Children and Adolescents

    822

    By: Heather J. Chial, MD; Michael Camilleri, MD

    Rumination syndrome is an under-recognized condition in pediatric and adolescent patients. The purpose of this article is to describe the characteristics and treatment of this disorder that prompts parents to bring their child to the doctor for evaluation of regurgitation or vomiting up of food after eating and to answer common questions about the condition. Reviewed 2009.

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  38. Fact Sheet: Infant Regurgitation

    826

    By: Suzanne Nelson, MD, MPH

    Regurgitation is when the stomach contents flow back up the esophagus and into the mouth. It is a type of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) – the other type being occult or silent reflux. Silent reflux is when the contents of the stomach only go part way up the esophagus. Infants tend to have more regurgitation episodes than silent episodes of GER as compared to adults.

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  39. Fact Sheet: Functional Recurrent Abdominal Pain in Children and Adolescents

    827

    By: John V. Campo, MD

    Without thinking much about it, most of us expect that doctors will be able to "explain" our aches, pains, and complaints by finding some sort of tissue damage or disease that causes our discomfort. Despite such expectations, many of us have learned that not all physical suffering can be neatly explained by a physical examination or by medical tests and procedures. Doctors call physical disorders that are real but not caused by tissue damage "functional" disorders. Children with recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) and their families struggle with this sometimes frustrating and confusing situation every day. This article reviews characteristics, causes, and treatments.

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  40. Fact Sheet: Know Thy Laxatives: A Parent's Guide to the Successful Management of Chronic Functional Constipation in Infants and Children

    828

    By: Joseph Levy, MD; Diana Volpert, MD

    Constipation remains one of the most common intestinal problems affecting children – and a source of bewilderment and worry for many parents. Fortunately, most constipation in infants and children is not caused by any serious underlying medical disease. The challenge, therefore, is for parents to manage constipation, guided by an understanding of why their child experiences difficulties when evacuating stool.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  41. Fact Sheet: Defecation Disorders after Surgery for Hirschsprung's Disease

    830

    By: Paul E. Hyman, MD

    Over 1,000 new cases of Hirschsprung's disease are diagnosed in the USA every year. More than half the children treated appropriately with surgery for Hirschsprung's disease suffer from chronic problems with constipation, incontinence, and/or abdominal pain. Even as adults, over half will experience occasional episodes of incontinence, and 10% will endure constipation unresponsive to medical management. Nonetheless, adjustment for teenagers and young adults with Hirschsprung's disease is not different than for healthy children; successful adjustment depends largely on family support. Revised and updated 2009.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  42. Fact Sheet: Report from IFFGD Research Award Winner: Biopsychosocial Perspectives on Assessment and Treatment

    831

    By: Caroline Elder Danda, PhD

    I am particularly interested in identifying factors that predispose children and adolescents with functional gastrointestinal disorders to experience disability and identifying psychosocial factors that affect treatment outcome.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  43. Fact Sheet: Constipation in Young Children

    833

    By: Paul E. Hyman, MD

    Answers to the questions: Are there long-term affects of an acute inflammatory disease of the intestines that occurs mainly in under-weight or premature infants called NEC [Necrotizing enterocolitis]? Could having constipation now do any damage to an affected child's bowel as a result of his having had this disease? Reviewed 2009.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  44. Fact Sheet: Report from IFFGD Research Award Winner: Using the Fetal Gastrointestinal Tract to Overcome Neonatal Disease

    834

    By: Terry Buchmiller-Crair, MD

    As a practicing Pediatric Surgeon, I have been struck by the challenges of dealing with severe neonatal growth retardation and gastrointestinal problems after birth. The gestational period before birth provides an intriguing time for possible maternal-fetal interventions, which could hopefully minimize, or eliminate the developing baby's problems. I would like to share a few of our ideas and progress in the laboratory in studying fetal gastrointestinal development during the last trimester of gestation. This time period correlates to the 6th-9th month of human pregnancy.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  45. Fact Sheet: Report from IFFGD Research Award Winner: Research into Treatment-Resistant Constipation in Children

    835

    By: Bridgett Southwell, PhD

    Constipation and fecal soiling in children and teenagers are major impediments to education. Schools will not accept children who cannot toilet themselves. Children whose soiled clothing gives off an odor are ostracized by others. We have developed a 6 point approach to treating children with chronic constipation.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  46. Fact Sheet: Report from IFFGD Research Award Winner: Symptoms Arising from Non-Acid Reflux in Children

    836

    By: Rachel Rosen, MD, MPH

    Because of the large public health impact of chronic respiratory disease, doctors have been searching for a cause for these high rates of disease. One factor implicated as a cause is gastroesophageal reflux (GER). Despite acid blocking medications, some patients continue to experience severe respiratory symptoms. One explanation is that patients are experiencing relux that is missed by currently available tests and that is not effectively treated by acid suppression medications. This reflux has been termed "non-acid reflux."

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  47. Fact Sheet: Report from IFFGD Research Award Winner: Home Based Guided Imagery to Treat Pediatric Functional Abdominal Pain

    837

    By: Miranda A. L. van Tilburg

    Functional Abdominal Pain (FAP) is a frustrating condition for the family. The stomachaches and accompanying symptoms are unpredictable and not easily modifiable. Children may miss school and miss out on other things such as peer and family events. Many parents feel unable to cope and rely on medical professionals for diagnosis and treatment. Recent studies suggest that guided imagery and self-hypnosis are promising optioins for treating FAP.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  48. Fact Sheet: Helping Children and Adolecents Cope With Abdominal Pain

    838

    By: Lynn Walker, PhD

    Health professionals use the term 'cope' to describe how we respond to difficult or unwanted situations. Children or adolescents who have bowel disorders need help to cope effectively with symptoms of recurrent abdominal pain and unpredictable bowel symptoms as they go about their daily lives. A knowledgeable physician or therapist can help provide the family and the child with positive skills to help respond effectively. In this article Dr. Walker provides useful tips on: going to school, using the bathrooms, and interacting with teachers and classmates. 

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  49. Fact Sheet: Hirschsprung’s Disease in Children and Adults

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    By: Samuel Nurko, MD, MPH

    Hirschsprung’s disease is an illness that people are born with (congenital), in which there is a lack of nerve cells (ganglion cells) in the segments of the intestinal tract located in the colon or rectum. Since the first operative curative technique for Hirschsprung’s disease was described in 1948, progress in diagnostic methods and surgical techniques have allowed the survival and successful treatment of most children with Hirschsprung’s disease. In spite of these advances, postoperative problems continue to occur. Recently, research has produced a better understanding of the disease, knowledge that will undoubtedly lead to further refinements of the surgical techniques and better treatment of these patients.

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  50. Fact Sheet: Bowel Problems in Adults After Surgical Treatment for Childhood Hirschsprung’s Disease

    840

    By: Kasaya Tantiphlachiva, MD; Satish S.C. Rao, MD, PhD, FRCP (LON)

    Hirschsprung’s disease is a rare illness that people are born with (congenital). It occurs annually in about 1 in 5,000 live births. In Hirschsprung’s disease there is a lack of nerve cells (ganglion cells) in segments of the intestinal tract located in the colon and/or rectum.

    The treatment is surgery to remove the abnormal bowel segment and restore bowel continuity. Following surgical treatment, most children have a good outcome, but some have persistent bowel problems such as constipation, soiling, fecal incontinence, and inflammation in the colon (enterocolitis). These symptoms can impact the quality of life, which also needs to be addressed.

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  51. Fact Sheet: Gastroesophageal Reflux in Children and Adolescents

    841

    By: Information Adapted from the National Diseases Information Clearinghouse NIH

    Gastroesophageal reflux occurs when stomach contents reflux, or back up, into the esophagus during or after a meal. GER often begins in infancy, but only a small number of infants continue to have GER as older children. This article discusses the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of GER in children.

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  52. Fact Sheet: Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction

    843

    By: William F. Norton, Communications Director, IFFGD; Carlo DiLorenzo, MD

    Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIP) is a rare disorder of gastrointestinal motility where coordinated contractions (peristalsis) in the intestinal tract become altered and inefficient. When this happens, nutritional requirements cannot be adequately met. This article discusses the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatments of CIP. Reviewed 2009.

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  53. Fact Sheet: Report From IFFGD Research Award Winner: Functional Abdominal Pain in Children and Adolescents

    844

    By: Miguel Saps, MD; Gati Dhroove, MD

    Miguel Saps, M.D. is the recipient of the 2009 IFFGD Research Award for Junior Investigator, Pediatrics. Dr. Saps is an innovative researcher who has done much to increase understanding of the prevalence and impact of functional GI disorders among children, as well as how to help children with functional abdominal pain. He is instrumental in establishing clinical care models for children with complex pain predominant conditions.

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  54. Fact Sheet: Infant Regurgitation

    845

    By: Paul E. Hyman, MD; Susan R. Orenstein, MD

    Regurgitation is a symptom that is common in infants. This fact sheet answers frequently asked questions about infant regurgitation, as well as addressing the differences between similar terms such as gastroesophageal reflux (GER), gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and functional infant regurgitation.

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  55. Fact Sheet: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) in Children

    846

    By: Information Adapted from the National Diseases Information Clearinghouse NIH

    Irritable bowel syndrome is a disturbance of bowel function that includes symptoms of abdominal pain or discomfort and altered bowel habit (change in frequency or consistency) - chronic or recurrent diarrhea, constipation, or both in alternation.

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