Fact Sheet: Report from IFFGD Research Award Winner: Diagnostic Testing in Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Theory vs. Reality233
Dr. Spiegel is a recipient of a 2007 IFFGD Research Award. In this article, Dr. Spiegel discusses some of the challenges in diagnosing IBS, including whether or not to perform multiple diagnostic tests.Topics: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Research, Tests, lower GI tract, Working with your healthcare provider
Fact Sheet: Report from IFFGD Research Award Winner: Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders: New Insights in Enteric Regulation240
Martin Storr, M.D., Ph.D. is the recipient of the 2009 IFFGD Research Award for Junior Investigator, Basic Science. Dr. Storr’s research interests include understanding the regulatory role of the endocannabinoid and the endoopioid systems in gastrointestinal function and the potential use as future therapeutics in functional gastrointestinal disorders.Topics: Research
Summary of general/plenary session topics presented at the 9th International Symposium on Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders held in May 2011. The CME accredited meeting was jointly sponsored by the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health Office of Continuing Professional Development and IFFGD.
Incontinence is a disorder that affects men and women of all ages, often with devastating personal and societal consequences. It can lead to social isolation, loss of employment, and institutionalization. The economic impact has been estimated at $16 to $26 billion annually in the U.S. Fecal incontinence is estimated to affect 2%-7% of adults while urinary incontinence occurs in a third of adults and is severe enough to interfere with the quality of life and work in 6%. In the IFFGD survey, IBS in the Real World, 25% of respondents with IBS reported loss of bowel control.
In this article, I will try to provide a flavor for our research activities and highlight what we understand about the mechanisms of fecal incontinence and constipation. Fecal incontinence is a relatively common symptom. In listening to patients, I realized that fecal incontinence could have a devastating impact on lifestyle, that our understanding of factors responsible for incontinence was limited, and that available therapies were of variable efficacy. Therefore, our studies are directed toward answering several important questions pertaining to "idiopathic" fecal incontinence, that is fecal incontinence not resulting from another underlying disease such as multiple sclerosis.Topics: Anal, Rectal Disorders, Bowel urgency, Incontinence, Motility, Pelvic floor disorders, Research
Fact Sheet: Report from IFFGD Research Award Winner: Chronic Pelvic Pain and the Overlap of Chronic Pelvic Pain Disorders315
Report from IFFGD Research Award Winner – Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is the key element comprising several disorders that are all characterized by intermittent or continuous pain of at least 6 months duration localized to the pelvic area, the lower part of the abdominal cavity. Bowel, lower urinary tract, sexual, and/or gynecologic function are often affected. Chronic pelvic pain disorders affect 15% of both men and women, and include disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS); interstitial cystitis (IC); chronic inflammation of the prostate gland; rectal pain that lasts for hours or even days; and vulvodynia. A discussion of "cross-sensitization," whereby acute or chronic irritation of one pelvic organ can lead to abnormal activity, sensitivity, or even inflammation in another, non-irritated organ or structure.Topics: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Lower Abdominal Pain, Pelvic Pain, Pain Management, Pelvic floor disorders, Rectal Pain, Research
Many otherwise healthy, active people suffer from incontinence or loss of bowel control. Incontinence is a long-term, stressful, and limiting disorder. An effective treatment and management plan for incontinence minimizes episodes and allows individuals to regain a sense of personal control. Treatments are tailored to address each person’s specific symptoms and may include a number of approaches.
Fact Sheet: Report from IFFGD Research Award Winner: Adult Neurogenic Dysphagia -- Disorders and Conditions that Disrupt Swallowing544
Dysphagia is a disorder characterized by difficulty swallowing. Swallowing involves more than transporting material from the mouth to the stomach for digestion. It also involves protection of the airway, rejection of harmful ingested substances, and the preparation of foods for digestion. When swallowing is disrupted, the consequences can be devastating. This article provides an overview of causes, medical assessment, complications, and management of neurogenic dysphagia.
Fact Sheet: Report from IFFGD Research Award Winner: Biopsychosocial Perspectives on Assessment and Treatment831
I am particularly interested in identifying factors that predispose children and adolescents with functional gastrointestinal disorders to experience disability and identifying psychosocial factors that affect treatment outcome.Topics: Constipation, difficult to pass stools, Fecal soiling, incontinence, Incontinence, Lower Abdominal Pain, Pelvic Pain, Pain Management, Research
Fact Sheet: Report from IFFGD Research Award Winner: Using the Fetal Gastrointestinal Tract to Overcome Neonatal Disease834
As a practicing Pediatric Surgeon, I have been struck by the challenges of dealing with severe neonatal growth retardation and gastrointestinal problems after birth. The gestational period before birth provides an intriguing time for possible maternal-fetal interventions, which could hopefully minimize, or eliminate the developing baby's problems. I would like to share a few of our ideas and progress in the laboratory in studying fetal gastrointestinal development during the last trimester of gestation. This time period correlates to the 6th-9th month of human pregnancy.
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