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Topic: Other Disorders/Symptoms

  1. Fact Sheet: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Heartburn, Dyspepsia: Whatís the Difference?


    By: W. Grant Thompson, MD, FRCPC

    The anatomical diseases Crohn’s, peptic ulcer, and esophagitis have functional counterparts with some similar symptoms; irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), dyspepsia, and functional heartburn, but these cannot be identified by x-ray or gastroscopy. Thus, for the diagnosis of these functional disorders doctors must rely entirely upon the patient’s description of his or her symptoms.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  2. Fact Sheet: How Can I Determine if I Received a Thorough Colonoscopy?


    By: Thomas Puetz, MD

    Colonoscopy is currently our most effective means of reducing the incidence of colon cancer, but only slightly over one-third of eligible persons elect to have a colonoscopy. With the inconvenience and expense of colonoscopy incurred, one should expect and receive a thorough examination. This article outlines some way to ensure that your colonoscopy is performed correctly and thoroughly.

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  3. Fact Sheet: A Noisy Tummy: What Does it Mean?


    By: W. Grant Thompson, MD, FRCPC

    While seldom of medical importance, for some people a rumbling, growling stomach can be a source of profound embarrassment. Picturesquely dubbed “borborygmi,” bowel sounds seem loudest to the owner, who is sometimes mistakenly convinced they are obvious to all. This article explains the causes of bowel sounds, discusses when the sounds become a cause for medical concern, and offers some tips that may help reduce bowel noises.

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  4. Fact Sheet: Serotonin: What is it Doing in My Gastrointestinal Tract?


    By: Gary Mawe, PhD; Jill Hoffman, PhD Candidate

    This article explains the role of serotonin in the gut and how this may be used to develop new treatments for the functional gastrointestinal disorders.

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  5. Fact Sheet: Changes You Should Not Ignore if You Have IBS


    By: W. Grant Thompson, MD, FRCPC

    An "alarm" symptom, sometimes also called a "red flag," simply means a symptom not explained by IBS, which calls for additional investigation. Dr. Thompson discusses the development of alarm symptoms and how to know when to see your doctor about them.

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  6. Fact Sheet: Abdominal Adhesions


    By: Information Adapted from the National Diseases Information Clearinghouse NIH

    This publication addresses the causes, symptoms, complications, and treatments of abdominal adhesions – bands of tissue that can cause intestinal obstruction. Revised and updated by IFFGD, 2013.

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  7. Fact Sheet: Understanding Functional GI Disorders


    By: International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders IFFGD

    Functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders are a highly prevalent group of persistent and recurring conditions that can affect any part of the GI tract. They afflict millions of people of all ages, causing discomfort ranging from inconvenience to disability. Yet they remain largely hidden and misunderstood. This article explains the challenges of the conditions and the approaches to diagnoses and treatments.

    Non-Member Price: FREE View PDF
  8. Fact Sheet: Progressive GI Symptoms: Could it be Scleroderma?


    By: Dinesh Khanna, MD, MS; Brennan M. R. Spiegel, MD

    On rare occasions, patients thought to have a functional GI disorder can develop progressive GI symptoms from another underlying condition. This is truly rare, but when symptoms do not respond as expected, or if symptoms get worse and worse despite a clinician’s best efforts, it may be worth considering other things. Scleroderma is a very rare disorder that, when present, can frequently affect the gut.

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  9. Fact Sheet: Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction


    By: Information Adapted from the National Diseases Information Clearinghouse NIH

    Intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a rare condition with symptoms like those caused by a bowel obstruction, or blockage. But when the intestines are examined, no blockage is found. Instead, the symptoms are due to nerve or muscle problems that affect the movement of food, fluid, and air through the intestines.

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  10. Fact Sheet: Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction


    By: Peter B. Cotton, MD

    The sphincter of Oddi is a muscular valve that controls the flow of digestive juices (bile and pancreatic juice) through ducts from the liver and pancreas into the first part of the small intestine (duodenum). Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD) describes the situation when the sphincter does not relax at the appropriate time (due to scarring or spasm). The back-up of juices causes episodes of severe abdominal pain.

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