Topic: Constipation, difficult to pass stools
Brochure, Fact Sheet: Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-obstruction801
Your child has been diagnosed as having intestinal pseudo-obstruction or some other form of chronic gastrointestinal motility disorder. This brochure has been written to help you understand these disorders and the effects they may have on your child.
Also available offline as a glossy color brochure (3.5" x 8.5"). Contact IFFGD for details.
Brochure: Hirschsprung's Disease803
This fact sheet was written to answer questions about Hirschsprung's disease, treatment, surgery, and follow up.Topics: Anal, Rectal Disorders, Constipation, difficult to pass stools, Hirschsprung's Disease, Motility
Nerves and muscles respond actively to an electric stimulus. The role and progress for electrical pacing and stimulation in the gastrointestinal tract, including the stomach as well as the intestines, and treatment possibilities for disorders such as chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction and severe constipation are discussed.Topics: Colonic inertia, Pseudo-obstruction, Colonic motility, inertia, pseudo-obstruction, Constipation, difficult to pass stools, Constipation, difficult to pass stools, Gastroparesis, Gastroparesis, Motility, Stomach Disorders, Stomach Disorders
Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIP) is the name given to a number of rare disorders that cause impaired gastrointestinal motility (movement in the digestive tract). A diagnosis of CIP is based on symptoms that occur when the intestine is blocked and on clinical findings. In pseudo-obstruction, the symptoms are caused not by a surgically correctable tumor, twist, or ulcer in the bowel, but by a problem having to do with the strength or coordination of the contractions that move along the contents of the bowel.
By: Jose Cocjin, MD
Most people feel that a daily stool is a sign of good health at any age. Some people pay close attention to the frequency, size, and consistency of their children's stools. Any deviation from the expected norm is a source of concern and leads to a call or visit to the doctor's office. About 3% of visits to the pediatrician's office, and 25% of pediatric gastroenterology specialist visits, are for constipation. Functional fecal retention is the most common cause of childhood constipation.
Fact Sheet: Bellyaches in Children809
Every child complains about a bellyache now and then. How can a parent tell what is wrong, and if it is dangerous? It is not always easy. Children less than 5 or 6 years of age often do not have the words to describe their sensations accurately. Toddlers do not separate emotional from physical distress. The young child's bellyache may represent hunger, fatigue, or a need to use the bathroom. School age children may wake with bellyaches on school days. Are they sick, or just anxious about an important test? Revised and updated 2009.Topics: Constipation, difficult to pass stools, Dyspepsia, pain in upper abdomen or chest, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Lower Abdominal Pain, Pelvic Pain
The purpose of this publication is to describe the characteristics and treatment of four pediatric functional gastrointestinal disorders that prompt parents to bring their child to the doctor for constipation and/or soiling: infant dyschezia, functional constipation, functional fecal retention, and non-retentive fecal soiling. [A functional disorder refers to a condition where the primary abnormality is an altered physiological function (the way the body works) rather than an abnormality that is characterized by tissue damage or inflammation.] Revised and updated 2009.Topics: Anal, Rectal Disorders, Constipation, difficult to pass stools, Fecal soiling, incontinence, Incontinence
Fact Sheet: Infant Dyschezia: Looking out for Number Two823
Defecation requires two coordinated events: pelvic floor relaxation and an increase in intra abdominal pressure. The coordination of the defecatory act carries with it developmental overtones and the failure to meet developmental milestones in the control of defecation results in functional symptoms.
Fact Sheet: Know Thy Laxatives: A Parent's Guide to the Successful Management of Chronic Functional Constipation in Infants and Children828
Constipation remains one of the most common intestinal problems affecting children – and a source of bewilderment and worry for many parents. Fortunately, most constipation in infants and children is not caused by any serious underlying medical disease. The challenge, therefore, is for parents to manage constipation, guided by an understanding of why their child experiences difficulties when evacuating stool.
Over 1,000 new cases of Hirschsprung's disease are diagnosed in the USA every year. More than half the children treated appropriately with surgery for Hirschsprung's disease suffer from chronic problems with constipation, incontinence, and/or abdominal pain. Even as adults, over half will experience occasional episodes of incontinence, and 10% will endure constipation unresponsive to medical management. Nonetheless, adjustment for teenagers and young adults with Hirschsprung's disease is not different than for healthy children; successful adjustment depends largely on family support. Revised and updated 2009.Topics: Anal, Rectal Disorders, Constipation, difficult to pass stools, Constipation, difficult to pass stools, Fecal soiling, incontinence, Hirschsprung's Disease, Incontinence, Motility
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