Topic: Bacteria, gut flora
Fact Sheet: Clostridium Difficile Infection167
Clostridium difficile, or C. difficile (a gram-positive anaerobic bacterium), is now recognized as the major causative agent of colitis (inflammation of the colon) and diarrhea that may occur following antibiotic intake. C. difficile infection represents one of the most common hospital (nosocomial) infections around the world. A discussion of how it is transmitted, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
Fact Sheet: Bacteria and Foodborne Illness173
Foodborne illness results from eating food contaminated with bacteria (or their toxins) or other pathogens such as parasites or viruses. The illnesses range from upset stomach to more serious symptoms, including diarrhea, fever, vomiting, abdominal cramps, and dehydration. A discussion of causes, treatment, and prevention.
Fact Sheet: Gut Bacteria and Irritable Bowel Syndrome209
Does bacteria play a role in IBS? If so, is it helpful or harmful? What about antibiotics, or probiotics? Bacteria are present in the normal gut (intestines) and in large numbers the lower parts of the intestine. These "normal" bacteria have important functions in life. A variety of factors may disturb the mutually beneficial relationship between the gut bacteria and its host – and disease may result. The possibility that gut bacteria could have a role in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) may surprise some; there is indeed, now quite substantial evidence to support the idea that disturbances in the bacteria that populate the intestine may have a role in at least some patients with IBS. This article looks at recent findings about possible influences of bacteria in IBS, which may be either negative or positive, and at various treatment approaches.
Irritable bowel syndrome is one of the most common gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. Within this large group of people, there is a small subgroup whose symptoms begin suddenly. It happens after what appears to be a bout of infection in the GI tract (gastroenteritis). How often do persons who suffer bacterial gastroenteritis develop IBS? Who gets post-infectious IBS and what causes the disorder? How is it treated? A review of the topic is presented.
Everybody has gas in his or her digestive tract (the esophagus, stomach, small intestine/bowel, and large intestine/bowel). What is happening that causes painful or uncomfortable symptoms associated with gas in some persons while not in others? Report from this 2005 IFFGD Research Award Winner.Topics: Bacteria, gut flora, Diet, Foods, Gas, Bloating, Belching, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Research
Fact Sheet: Is There a Health Benefit From High Colonics?228
By: Thomas Puetz, MD
Is there a health benefit from high colonics? Are there risks? This article will help you understand how the bowels function and whether or not there is a role for high colonics.Topics: Bacteria, gut flora, bowel, CAM, Complementary & Alternative Treatments, Clinical Corner, Constipation, difficult to pass stools, Digestive System, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Treatment
Fact Sheet: Report from IFFGD Research Award Winner: Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Searching for Underlying Causes229
Dr. Simrén is a 2007 IFFGD Research Award recipient. His main research areas are the causes and development of functional GI disorders. In this article, Dr. Simrén discusses his research into the role of food and nutrients for gut function in IBS, and the link between different alterations of function and the symptom pattern of the patient.
There is evidence that a normal bacteria composition of the intestinal microbiota play an important role in the development and normal functioning of the intestinal tract. Recently researchers have been studying the role of normal intestinal bacteria (also called intestinal microbiota) in maintaining healthy and normal GI function.
Fact Sheet: Understanding Functional GI Disorders252
Functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders are a highly prevalent group of persistent and recurring conditions that can affect any part of the GI tract. They afflict millions of people of all ages, causing discomfort ranging from inconvenience to disability. Yet they remain largely hidden and misunderstood. This article explains the challenges of the conditions and the approaches to diagnoses and treatments.
In a previous article, I discussed the great prevalence of peptic ulcer disease in the twentieth century (Peptic Ulcer: A Twentieth Century Disease – IFFGD Fact Sheet No. 509). Ulcer researchers became convinced that gastric acid was the cause of peptic ulcer and expended great effort to understand the physiology of acid secretion and to develop diets, drugs and surgical procedures to control acid secretion. Why did it take so long to understand the truth about ulcer disease? Does this history have any implications for the study of the functional gastrointestinal diseases (FGIDs)?
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